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Labour Clauses in Ghanaian Public Contracts: World Bank Country Procurement Assessment Report

According to standard practice, the World Bank periodically conducts a Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR) of its country borrowers.  The focus of CPAR's have traditionally been to assess the transparency of national procurement procedures, insofar as the Bank is so often loaning the funds used in procurement.  Ghana was the subject of a CPAR in 2003.

As a result of high-level discussions, World Bank and ILO had agreed to try to synergize their efforts with respect to the many countries that are both ILO members and Bank borrowers.  One area of common interest is the labour conditions applicable to workers employed on national infrastructure project.  The United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID) had a similar interest in respect of projects funded with its loans and grants.  In fact, DFID had financed particular efforts in Ghana to ensure that public funds did not lead to "social dumping", that is, workers toiling under conditions below local standards.

These interests culminated in an agreement between the Bank and the ILO to collaborate on a study of the use of labour clauses in Ghanaian public contracts as part of the CPAR.  Engineer David Steidl and labour standards' specialist David Tajgman undertook the study, the results of which were the basis of recommendations.  The CPAR was made public, and the subject of hearings in Ghana.

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